What is a tumor of the eye?
- A “tumor” simply means a mass or tissue swelling. This term applies to both benign tumors (such as a mole on the skin) as well as malignant tumors (which are referred to as cancer).
- “Benign” means that a tumor that does not have the ability to invade or spread to other organs. Benign tumors are not cancers.
- “Malignant” refers to a tumor that has the ability to invade and spread to other organs. The term “cancer” refers to a malignant tumor.
- Most eye tumors involve the conjunctiva, uvea (composed of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid), retina or optic nerve.
Tumors of the Choroid and Ciliary Body
- Choroidal nevus
- Choroidal melanoma
- Choroidal metastasis
- Choroidal hemangioma
- Choroidal osteoma
Tumors of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE)
- Retinal capillary hemangiomas
- Congenital hypertrophy of the RPE
- RPE adenoma
Tumors of the Iris
- Iris melanoma
- Tumors of the Optic Nerve
- Intraocular lymphoma
- Conjunctival lymphoma